（全文见PDF版） 美国研究 季刊1996年第2期 AMERICAN STUDIES 第10卷6月5日出版 边接触、边遏制梁根成(7) 美国两种经济哲学的新较量陈宝森 (21) ——兼论两党预算战 美国新左派运动述评赵林 (40) 破灭的改革之梦：司徒雷登与危机中的国民政府王建朗 (59) 泛政治化的观照汪朝光 (78) ——中国影评中的美国电影(1895-1949) 美国农业的两次大突破及其基本经验张友伦 (93) 林登·约翰逊与民权法案张立平(110) ○争鸣 不应该误解乔治·凯南的“遏制”概念张小明(133) ○书评 美国城市化研究的佳作黄柯可(140) ——评王旭《美国西海岸大城市研究》 从“新政”研究到美国现代经济制度研究刘笑盈(144) ——读胡国成先生《塑造美国现代经济制度之路》一书 读韩德新著《中国共产党外交政策的起源》熊志勇(148) ○信息 “大选年的美国外交与中美关系研讨会”综述肖蓉(151) ○新书架(153) 编后(160) 本期责任编辑：赵梅 本杂志刊登的论文在美国Historical Abstracts and America: History and Life上登有摘要和索引。 编辑出版 中华美国学会 中国社会科学院美国研究所 照排中国社会科学院美国研究所 印刷装钉北京仰山印刷厂 发行、订阅处中国社会科学院美国研究所 （100732北京建国门内大街5号） 刊号ISSN1002-8986CN11-1170／C 国外代号Q1122 国外发行中国国际图书贸易总公司北京399信箱 定价： 国内版4.00元 国际版3.00美元（邮费在外） AMERICAN STUDIES Summer 1996 Vol. 10, No.2 ARTICLES ENGAGEMENT PLUS CONTAINMENT Liang Gencheng (7) The author argues that the Clinton administration’s China policy is one of engaging as well as containing China. This is determined by such factors as “the strategy of engagement and enlargement”, the rise of China, U.S. domestic politics, international politics and economic relations. The administration has to look hard among inconsistencies for a point of equilibrium in the formulation and implementation of its China policy which is obviously self-contradictory. However, as equilibrium is relative and disequilibrium absolute, Sino-American relations are bound to be unstable and tortuous. NEW TRIAL OF STRENGTH BETWEEN TWO AMERICAN ECONOMIC PHILOSOPHIES Chen Baosen (21) The warfare centered on budget issues between the Democratic Clinton Administration and the Republican Congress has been a new trial of strength between government intervention and laissez-faire under new conditions. As Bill Clinton who came to power with the look of a new Democrat in the last election failed to provide much real material benefit to the American public despite his success in the continuing recovery of American economy, conservative Republicans won a sweeping victory in the 1994 Congressional mid-term election. ONAMERICAN NEW LEFT Zhao Lin (40) The American New Left that came into being when the evils in modern industrial society became increasingly evident, is mainly composed of young intellectuals dissatisfied with the theory and practice of the Old Leftists. It pursues the social ideal of “Shared democracy”, advocates absolute personal freedom and love and has a high regard for radical “counter-culture”. The movement has played a positive role in antiracism and antiwar. However, it is basically an anarchist movement which is more destructive than constructive. JOHN LEIGHTON STUART AND CHINESE GOVERNMENT IN CRISIS Wang Jianlang (59) One of John L. Stuart’s major activities during his term as U.S. ambassador to China, 1946-1949, was to urge the Kuomintang government to enforce reforms. Full of illusions about Chiang Kai-shek at first, he did offer many a proposal for reforms. However, Chiang’s perfunctory attitude made him fell disappointed gradually. He later unequivocally and definitely urged Chiang’ss retirement from office. Though Dr. Stuart bypassed many of State Department instructions, he acted entirely on State Department’s will when he urged Kuomintang government to reform. Under China’s specific conditions of the day, the reforms as proposed by Dr. Stuart might not suffice to save such a despotic regime that was so utterly degenerate. AMERICAN FILMS AS SEEN IN CHINESE MOVIE REVIEW, 1895-1949 Wang Chaoguang (78) This article discusses the image of American films in Chinese movie reviews in the first half of this century and argues that Chinese movie reviews evolved from a sense of novelty to ethical criticism and to political criticism. They showed a general trend of pan-politicalization. This resulted from the impact of traditional culture, as well as the social environment of the day. Nevertheless, owing to its estrangement from both movie professionals and the audience, the pan-politicalized criticism failed to produce the desired effect. TWO BREAKTHROUGHS IN U.S. AGRICULTURE AND BASIC EXPERIENCES THEREIN Zhang Youlun (93) The development of American agriculture underwent two major breakthroughs, namely, the agricultural revolution of the 1860s which accelerated land reclamation in the West and enlarged the farming area and the agricultural revolution before the WWII which helped bring about the mechanization of farm work. The two breakthroughs rode on the wave of industrial and technological revolutions of the day and promoted agricultural education and R & D which deepened, in turn, the revolution in agriculture. As a result, American agriculture becomes a highly effective one in the world after the second breakthrough. LYNDON JOHNSON AND CIVIL RIGHTS ACTS Zhang Liping (110) Lyndon Johnson was closely related to Civil Rights Acts of the 1960s. In his long career from a Congressman to the President, Lyndon Johnson who had an anti-civil rights record in his early years helped get a number of Civil Rights bills through the Congress. This coup de change results from political considerations and is prompted by morality and conscience. Based on the study of the historical relations between Lyndon Johnson and U.S. Civil Rights Acts, this article explains his contribution and analyzes the factors that help effect his change from standing against to for civil rights. DISCUSSIONS GEORGE KENNAN’S CONCEPT OF “CONTAINMENT” SHOULD NOT BE MISUNDERSTOOD Zhang Xiaoming (133) BOOK REVIEWS A FINE WORK IN U.S. URBANIZATION STUDY –COMMENTS ON WANG XU’S A STUDY OF AMERICAN BIG CITIES ON WEST COAST Huang Keke (140) FROM THE NEW DEAL TO MODERN ECONOMIC SYSTEM – COMMENTS ON HU GUOCHENG’S ROAD TO U.S. MODERN ECONOMIC SYSTEM Liu Xiaoying (145) COMMENTS ON HAN DE’S ORIGIN OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY’S FOREIGN POLICY Xiong Zhiyong (149) ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES A WORKSHOP ON THE U.S. FOREIGN POLICY AND SINO-U.S. RELATIONS IN THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION YEAR Xiao Rong (152) NEW BOOKS (154) EDITOR’S NOTE (160) Articles appearing in this journal are abstracted and indexed in HISTORICAL ABSTRACTS and AMERICA: HISTORY AND LIFE. AMERICAN STUDIES, a quarterly, is published jointly by the Chinese Association for American Studies, and the Institute of American Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The content of the articles in this journal should not be construed as reflecting the views either of the Association or the Institute.